This section will publish sports information from our
community to help others. Write an e-mail to
firstname.lastname@example.org or provide other
material to any board member, on any sport related subject, and we will post
it in this section under that sports heading. < The
Board has the right not to publish info which it views as not helpful to the
- General Information for all Disabled Athletes -
- 501(C)3 Athlete Development Account - Disabled sports is expensive.
To help defray the cost, many athletes raise money to help defray the
cost of major purchases or trips. One way to
legitimize this activity is to start a 501(C)3 account and notify donors
to write checks to this fund.
The 501(C)3 offers benefits to you and your donors:
- First the account has specific rules on how moneys are used.
The Athlete can not receive money from the account without sending in
receipts proving the requested funds were used for sports. Funds
can be used to pay for equipment, travel, housing, food, training, or
any expense directly associated with sport. If the athlete is
under 18 the fund can also be used for the expenses of the athlete's
chaperone on trips.
- Donors (excluding family, check exact IRS rules for "family") can claim the donation as a legitimate tax deduction.
- Although amateur status is not as much an issue today as it was a
few years ago, if all race winnings are sent into the 501(C)3
account it clearly preserves the amateur status of the athlete because
the moneys are sent to the fund and can only be used for athletic
- Any winnings from events over $600 should be reported, by the
paying organization, to the US Government. By depositing these
money's into the fund you may be able to subtract these amounts from
income (check with your accountant for proper procedures and exact
rules), and avoid paying taxes on these winnings if the athlete has income above the income tax minimums.
- To start a 501(C)3 account is easy. In the case of WASUSA, just
go to the WASUSA WEB Site
www.WASUSA.org and click on ADF Accounts and then Application
Form. Fill in the form and send it in. Then all you
need to do is mail in your first check payable to WASUSA and in the
memo area of the check write the athlete's name and Account #.
- WASUSA Also allows 501(C)3 account holders to list your name in a
on-line donation site which will let donors use their credit card to
donate to you on line.
- The only negative of a 501(C)3 account is that it is not an interest
bearing account for the athlete.
- Basketball -
As a program director, with a limited
budget, where do I start:
I think anything that we can do to aid athletes, parents, and
coaches a positive step in the right direction. You know, after
evaluating the sports that were offered and introduce to the many
attendees, that honestly, field is the cheapest sport to enter
into. The reason I base my opinion is because of the following fact
findings in my comparison research. With field you don't truly need
an inside facility; you don't generate consistent rental expenses;
you don't truly need custom made equipment for all participating
participants; and lastly, you don't have many ongoing equipment
Compare your start up budget costs to get
Track/Road Racing: cost of a specialized chair,
one that fits the user for them to get obtain their best
performances. Gloves, tires, glues, tools, a track to use, and
special equipment. Start up for just one. Between $1600 - $1400,
could be less if you can find used equipment that works for you.
Basketball: cost of facility rental and
sometimes insurance to cover the use of the facility. Specialized
chairs which fit the user. Balls, tires, and a good pump which will
need to be replaced from time to time. Oh, by the way, at least 7
players with the various classifications to form a team. Knowing
this isn't a real big issue for Junior teams, but that becomes a
concern at certain phases of direction you want to go with a team.
For one $1400 - $1200, but again, less if you find equipment that
works for you.
Swimming: Insurance costs, rental cost, and
safety gear. That could range from Hundreds of dollars to more
depending where, but reoccurring.
Field: cost of a field chair, (buy a team
chair); one time expense for implements, cost for stakes and
straps. Area space to use is generally free. In field you can make
your own chairs. However, you can make your own tie-down system.
All these cost are generally, one time only. You'll get your monies
worth before you accrual any expenses. Plus with field, you can have
more participation with less ongoing expenses. Your program
activity can grow! Investment for a startup ongoing program, the
works, based on 5-10 participants, under $2000!
I think, for your buck, field is a great entry
sport. As participation grows, not nearly the expense of other
activities. So, let take to the field!
I'll be happy to respond to any questions or
discuss any ideas to reduce costs.
Larry T. Hughes, MS, M.I.S.
WTFUSA - Field, Chairman
Certified USATF Coach
3450 Christopher Court
Baltimore, Maryland 21244
410-496-1571 (F) 410-496-1435 (C) 443-527-5495
Shotput - When the athlete holds
the shotput and positions it at the chin, the thumb should be pointed
down to the ground. This will automatically include the shoulder
and chest mussels into the put. Try it it works.
Discus - When learning to throw
the Discus practice rolling it along its edge on the ground like you were bowling with it, to a partner.
The rolling will let you feel how it should roll off your figures
from the pinky to the thumb. Once you have the hang of it the
Discus should role straight without warbling. Do it 10 to 15
times before you try to throw it for real.
Road Racing -
Golden Rule - May sound stupid but
the golden rule is to be prepared:
1. BEFORE LEAVING HOME CHECK ALL YOUR
Tires: There is nothing worse than a flat half way
Tight Spokes: I hate when tires come apart on
the track or
road and the athlete gets injured
Air Pressure : Tires are holding air for at least 4
Turning : Insure the
steering mechanism is
2. Please drive or roll the course so you know the
turns, bumps, and hills.
3. Get there at least 1 1/2 hour early.
4. Get your numbers, and or electronic chip and put
them properly on
(Use the pins and the tape from your spare kit.
are not given to you).
Ask if the number should be on the front/backside or
5. Try hard to meet with the Race Director/starter
before you get to
the starting line.
Clear up the following issues and have a
about the race.
- Has he/she or the race had wheelchairs before?
- Can he can instruct the road marshals
before the race to remind them that the
are low to the ground so they need more time to
react to a curve coming and could be
served better with them verbalizing
as well as using their arms.
- Is the course well marked. Tell him of any
concerns you saw in the drive through.
- Could there be a lead vehicle
(Car or Bike) for the chairs.
(both male and female) Most times the 2 groups separate and the
second group has no clue where the course is.
- Make sure the director is going to let the chairs
- Depending on the slowest chair's per mile
set the difference
between the chairs and the runners by at
30 seconds (elite racers)
and a safe period should be 2
minutes. If the
slowest racer is at or over 8
minute miles try to get 5 Minutes.
- Try to get his/her confidence that the course is
going to be closed to cars when the chairs go.
There have been
many races that the course was open
to traffic because the police/course
don't know that the chairs are before the runners.
- finally ask if he can make sure the results for
are published on
the Web with all the other runners.
6. If someone is at the race with you have them
time the chair athlete(s)....
In the heat of the race many timers have
forgotten about the
they forget the time difference between the
chairs and the
runners or forget
to hand time the chairs, If you have a watch on
then you can clear
up many potential issues over time. You can
make the Race
and save the chit for another race that you need
7. Try to feel out the race committee and speak to
the issues around
Wheelchair races are athletes just
like everyone else and should get the
of results exactly the same way.
8. Follow these rules and 90% of the races will go
9. Pump your tires. Every time you race.
Remember if you go wrong on the course and you have not done a run
through part of the blame is yours.
Bib Pins - A simple way to attach
your bib to the back to the racing chair is to permanently attach 4
pins at where the corner points for the bib would be on the chair.
Then use 4 addittonal pins to pin the bib to the first pins. Then
when you need to pin on a bib just open the second pin and attach it
to the bib in each corner. This technique allows for quick attachment
of the bib without tearing the upholstery. Remember when
removing old bib leave the 8 pins on the chair.
Track / Road Racing-
Gloves - Racing wheelchairs must
be pushed with the athletes hands. The technique is to not
grab the push rim but push against it. The stroke is well
defined: Hit, Drive, Hammer, Recover. The athlete hits the rim
at about 1 o'clock, drives down to about 5 o'clock, hammers to 6 or
7 o'clock and then lifts away straight up to recover. To do
this some type of glove must be used.
There are 3 types of gloves. For the beginner you can purchase
a pair of baseball gloves, Dr, Sholes shoe liners and a roll
of athletic tape. Cut a strip of the Dr. Sholes pad about the
width of the index and middle fingers and wrap the strip over the 2
fingers. Then tape the pad in place with the tape. Do
the same for the thumb. then tape the tape the other fingers
together and the palm and back of the hand. When done the
athlete should be able to make a fist and push the rim where the
thumb and index fingers come together.
The second type of glove are purchased for approximately 80.00 per
pair. these are made of rubber or suede. Suede gloves
are lighter but most chose the rubber. they can be purchased
from Harness or SportAid.
The third and becoming very popular with more experienced athletes.
These are custom made from Brace plastic and rubber sheet. An
instruction video is available on U-tube and can be hyperlinked from
Push Rim Conditioning - Push Rims
must be replaced when they become slippery. You can spray
sticky spray on them or use pine tar but they must be replaced as
quickly as possible for top performance. When you replace push
rims they must be conditioned to make them non-slippery. You
can rough-up the tire covered push rims with a wood or metal file or
as I do use a propane torch. While holding the torch 2 to 3
inches from the rim slowly go around 2 or 3 times for about 10 to 15
seconds until the top coating of the tire is just softened.
The rim is done when the tire is beginning to become tacky and a
little black is transferred to your figure. The push rims will
wear out quicker with this method but the rims will be
ready to go immediately.
Spare Parts Kit - You must be
prepared to compete. Besides having the correct equipment and
practice, practice, practice, each athlete must have a set
of replacement parts and keep them with you in case of failure.
The kit should contain: a gym bag to hold the parts and your gloves
and helmet, 2 spare rear tires, a front tire, proper set of Allen
wrenches, An air pump, a spoke wrench, sticky spray or pine tar, a
roll of sport tape, 4 or more safety pins, a towel, a rain parka,
pliers, and an extra set of glove liners.
If you are really getting
serious about track/road racing also consider; an extra compensator, a
toe-in/toe-out tool, and a extra set of racing gloves.
Compensator - Always set the
compensator first without the athlete in the chair. Set the
straight, then place the chair in lane 2, 3, or 4 and set the curve.
Most tracks have 2 radiuses in the curve, you can only set one.
Set the beginning curve and it will be OK for the
beginning and end of the curve. In the middle the athlete will
have to steer or hip shift through the top of the curve. When
finished ask the athlete to get into the chair to test the settings. They
usually are 80-90% correct at this time. Each athlete is
stronger on one side or the other. Most of the correction will be to
correct for this issue so the athlete must push like they do in a
race to be sure the settings are correct. One more point.
The compensator can be correct and the athlete will still be saying
it is off. With the athlete in the chair push him/her (without
the athlete pushing) and make sure the
chair goes straight or properly on the curve. Then instruct the athlete to push, looking
away from the chair at least 15 feet in front of them. Looking up should correct
the problem for as long as the athlete keeps looking out.
Table Tennis -